Suppose that liberalization occurs as in Figure 14.1 and the result is a pro-competitive effect, but instead of merging or restructuring, all firms are bought by their national governments to allow the firms to continue operating.
What will be the impact of this on prices and government revenues (use 14.7)? Now that the governments are the owners, will they have an incentive to continue with liberalization? Can you imagine why this might favour firms located in nations with big, rich governments?
the European economy integration objective and risk