Match the following descriptions to the correct perspective:


Match the following descriptions to the correct perspective:


1. The _______ perspective focuses on how learning experiences affect behavior and focuses on behavior that is observable.

2. The ______ perspective focuses on the effect of unresolved conflicts from childhood, as well as how those conflicts unconsciously shape behavior.

3. The ______ perspective focuses on free will, conscious choices, and self-awareness, and views humans as distinct individuals with unique characteristics.

4. The ______ perspective examines the mental processes used to obtain knowledge and focuses on how information is processed, stored, retrieved, and manipulated.

5. The ______ perspective focuses on how factors like age, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, and income level influence behavior, attitudes, and mental processes.

  1. Sociocultural
  2. Behavioral
  3. Cognitive
  4. Humanistic
  5. Psychodynamic


True or False

Answer the following questions as either true or false.

1. The pancreas creates insulin and regulates blood sugar levels.

2. The pituitary gland does not release any hormones.

3. The frontal lobe helps the body cope with stress and promotes muscle development.

4. Cortical steroids are released by the adrenal glands.

5. The somatosensory cortex controls motor responses and higher mental functions.

6. Growth hormone, ACTH, and oxytocin are all released from the same area of the body.

7. Another name for epinephrine is adrenaline.

8. The frontal lobe releases norepinephrine that speeds up bodily processes such as heart rate and breathing rate.

Multiple Choice

Select the correct answer for each question.

1. I think I see Bob approaching me from a distance, but as the man gets closer to me, I realize it is not Bob.

a. Perception: top-down processing

b. Perception: selective attention

c. Perception: closure

d. Sensation: sight or vision

2. While studying for a test at the library, I hear other people talking and laughing; however, I am able to block out the noise and concentrate on reading my textbook.

a. Perception: closure

b. Perception: top-down processing

c. Sensation: hearing

d. Perception: selective attention

3. When I look at a white piece of paper, I can still recognize it as white whether I am outside in bright sunlight or sitting in a dark room.

a. Sensation: skin senses

b. Perception: constancy

c. Perception: connectedness

d. Perception: closure

4. I notice my mom is baking bread as I walk into the house to greet her.

a. Perception: closure

b. Sensation: sight

c. Sensation: smell

d. Sensation: warmth

5. When I wash my hands, I notice the water feels hot.

a. Kinesthetic

b. Vestibular

c. Perception: constancy

d. Sensation: skin senses

6. When I had an infected tooth extracted, the tooth separated from the gums.

a. Perception: connectedness

b. Sensation: pressure

c. Sensation: hearing

d. Perception: top-down processing

7. I am able to type this sentence without looking at the keyboard on my computer.

a. Vestibular

b. Kinesthetic

c. Sensation: sight

d. Perception: selective attention

8. I experience motion sickness whenever I ride in a boat.

a. Vestibular

b. Kinesthetic

c. Sensation: smell

d. Sensation: top-down processing


Read the following scenarios.

Write a 90- to 175-word response to the following questions associated with each scenario. Ensure what you are describing is a research method and not a research design.

1. A psychologist is interested in learning more about how children interact with each other during the school day. The psychologist is particularly interested in discovering the ways in which children behave when they think they are not being watched. What research method would be best used to conduct this type of research? Why? What ethical concerns might be an issue in this type of research?

2. As a researcher, I am interested in learning whether there is a connection between sleep and test scores. For example, I want to know if an increase in sleep improves test scores. What type of research method would I use? Why? What ethical concerns might present an issue when conducting this type of research?

3. If I want to research whether a new medication has an effect on depression, and I want to compare the medication against a placebo, what research method might I use? Why? What ethical concerns might be an issue in this type of research?

4. A researcher gathers information for a study from a popular social media network, but does not ask the participants for their consent to use their information. What are the ramifications of this action? Is it illegal if the information is public? Would an individual whose information was used have recourse if their information was published without their knowledge and consent? Explain.

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