There are a plethora of symptoms that a person may experience when they are dealing with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) related issues. Insomnia, depression, irritability and mantic like behavior are all symptoms that a person may experience when dealing with post-traumatic stress disorder (Zoladz PR, Diamond DM., June 2013). The theoretical orientation that I selected to use was the Humanistic approach would requires the individual experiencing issues to consult with their case worker or health care provider. The provider would allow the individual to express their concerns and identify a method to assist the individual who is struggling. From what I gathered from research, things such as flashbacks, self-blame and depression are some of the major concerns for PTSD and they are usually manifested through the individual who is experiencing the issues behavior. From a cognitive stand point a person may have trouble reasoning with the event that took place.
There are several methods to utilize that will allow a person to calm themselves when they are experiencing symptoms of PTSD (Bisson JI, Cosgrove S, Lewis C, Robert NP, November 2015). Creating an environment where self-help methods serve as best practice is a practical way to ensure that people suffering from PTSD cope. Coping skills are not easily obtained depending on the situation. One of the major issues that we face when people deal with PTSD and are not able to cope properly is suicide (Panagioti M, Gooding PA, Triantafyllou K, Tarrier N., April 2015). There are several methods that can be used but they require a lot of forethought and hard work. I believe counseling sessions are very important because through it, you learn exact methods that may work for your patient. If someone is suffering from a traumatic experience such as the loss of a close friend in combat. It may be practical to have the person talk about the incident while in counseling. Through counseling, the counselor may be able to pick up particular moments that can be highlighted when the relationship with the deceased friend had good moments. It could potentially be possible for the counselor to redirect negative thoughts about tragic events to pleasurable events regarding the deceased friend. The same is possible when dealing a series of tragic issues.
In any case, education will be the foundation of a solid plan to help someone either move past or cope with the symptoms of PTSD (Haagen JF, Smid GE, Knipscheer JW, Kleber RJ., August 2015). Educating a person on the symptoms they are experiencing along with coping mechanisms to help them is a key factor to recovery (Roberts NP, Kitchiner NJ, Kenardy J, Bisson J., July 2009). There are times when events in life can trigger a person who have learned to cope with their PTSD related symptoms. Educating a person on avoiding triggers is key but there may be times where they cannot and will be at risk for relapsing, giving an individual in this situation a solid care plan can ensure they not only bring themselves to a point where the calm themselves but may also give them the strength to know when they cannot. The person can be taught to seek help when their symptoms become overbearing.
Carl D. Nelson Jr.
Bisson JI, Cosgrove S, Lewis C, Robert NP (November 2015). “Post-traumatic stress disorder”. BMJ. 351: h6161. doi:10.1136/bmj.h6161. PMC 4663500. PMID 26611143
Haagen JF, Smid GE, Knipscheer JW, Kleber RJ (August 2015). “The efficacy of recommended treatments for veterans with PTSD: A metaregression analysis”. Clinical Psychology Review. 40: 184-94.
Panagioti M, Gooding PA, Triantafyllou K, Tarrier N (April 2015). “Suicidality and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adolescents: a systematic review and meta-analysis”. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology. 50 (4): 525-37. doi:10.1007/s00127-014-0978-x. PMID 25398198
Roberts NP, Kitchiner NJ, Kenardy J, Bisson J (July 2009). “Multiple session early psychological interventions for the prevention of post-traumatic stress disorder”. The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (3): CD006869. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD006869.pub2. PMID 19588408
Zoladz PR, Diamond DM (June 2013). “Current status on behavioral and biological markers of PTSD: a search for clarity in a conflicting literature”. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews. 37 (5): 860-95